Rainforest Cooperative Research Centre Reports

Report No

Publication Type


1. Research Report

A Social Science Research Agenda for Ecologically Sustainable Tourism in Reef and Rainforest Areas
(digital copy not available)

2. Research Report

Preliminary Report on Phytophthora cinnamomi and Its Association with Threatening Processes in the Rainforests of North East Queensland (digital copy not available)

3. Research Report

Impacts of Visitation and Use on the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area: Psychosocial and Biophysical Windows on Visitation and Use in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Progress Report on Stage 1, 1998. (digital copy not available).
Joan M. Bentrupperbäumer and Joseph P. Reser

4. Research Report

Impacts of Visitation and Use on the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area: Psychosocial and Biophysical Windows on Visitation and Use in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Final Report on Stage 1, 1998. (digital copy not available).
Joan M. Bentrupperbäumer and Joseph P. Reser

5. Research Report

Impacts of Roads and Powerlines on the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, Executive Summary. Final Report of Stage 1, 1998. Report No 3. (digital copy not available).
Miriam Goosem and Steve Turton

6. Research Report

Impact of Roads and Powerlines on the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, Stage 2, July 2000.
Miriam Goosem and Steve Turton

8. Research Report

Patch Deaths in Tropical Queensland Rainforests: Association and Impact of Phytophthora cinnamomi and Other Soil Borne Organisms.
Edited by Paul Gadek

9. Research Report

Impacts of Visitation and Use on the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area: Psychosocial and Biophysical Windows on Visitation and Use in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Report 2. Stage 2 (digital copy not available)

10. Special Report

Daintree Futures Study.
Rainforest CRC with Gutteridge, Haskins and Davey, Far North Strategies

12. Research Report

Tall Open Forest and Woodland Habitats in the Wet Tropics: Responses to Climate and Implications for the Northern Bettong (Bettongia tropica).
Tropical Forest Research Series web-based journal no longer active

13. Workshop Proceedings

Feral Pigs: Status and Prospects for Control. Proceedings of a Feral Pig Workshop held at James Cook University, Cairns, March 1999.
Edited by Chris M. Johnson

14. Research Report

Research Priorities for Conservation and Management of Freshwater Resources in the Australian Wet Tropics: Water Research Plan.
I. R. Kapitzke and A. H. Arthington in association with J. C. Patterson, R. G. Pearson, B. J. Pusey and G. L. Werren

15. Research Report

Evaluating the Feasibility of Remote Sensing for Monitoring State of the Wet Tropics Environmental Indicators.
Stuart Phinn, Michael Stanford, Alex Held and Catherine Ticehurst

16. Research Report

Rainforest Visitor Profiles Data Summary Report (digital copy not available)

17. Research Report

Environmental Weeds of the Wet Tropics Bioregion: Risk Assessment and Priority Ranking.
Garry Werren

18. Research Report

Cultural Tourism in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area: A Strategic Overview for Bama.
Sarah Ignjic

19. Research Report

Wet Tropics Vertebrate Pest Risk Assessment Scheme.
Debra A. Harrison and Bradley C. Congdon

20. Research Report

Services and Dis-services of Rainforest Insects to Crops in North Queensland: What We Know, What We Need to Know, Why it is Important.
R. Blanche, R. Bauer, S. Cunningham and R. Floyd

21. Workshop Proceedings

Regional Environment and Natural Resource Management Forum: Wet Tropics Region. Forum Proceedings, Cairns, 14-15 March 2002.
R. Hill and M. J. Nursey-Bray with R. Foley, J. Fenton, L. Talbot, M. George, R. Nobel and J. Epong

22. Research Report

Socio-economic Research Methods in Forestry: A Training Manual.
Edited by S. Harrison, J. Herbohn, E. Mangaoang and J. Vanclay

23. Research Report

All-weather Land-cover Change Mapping System for the Wet Tropics.
Catherine Ticehurst, Stuart Phinn and Alex Held

24. Research Report

Measuring and Monitoring Impacts of Visitation and Use in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area: A Bioregional Perspective (Includes 10 individual site reports).
Joan M. Bentrupperbäumer and Joseph P. Reser. Site-level Data Reports: Barron Falls, Big Crystal Creek, Davies Creek, Mossman Gorge, The Crater, Lake Barrine, Marrdja Boardwalk, Murray Falls, Henrietta Creek, Goldsborough Valley.

25. Research Report

Weeds of Rainforests and Associated Ecosystems.
Edited by A. C. Grice and M. J. Setter

26. Research Report

Rainforest Dieback Mapping and Assessment.
Edited by P. A. Gadek and S. Worboys

27. Workshop Proceedings

Catchment to Reef: New Tools for Mitigation and Monitoring of Water Quality and Ecosystem Health.
Richard Pearson; Report Notes - Garry Werren

28. Special Report

Environmental Crisis: Climate Change and Terrestrial Biodiversity in Queensland.
Edited by A. K. Krockenberger, R. L. Kitching and S. M. Turton

29. Research Report

Animal-Plant Interactions in Conservation and Restoration.
Edited by J. Kanowski, C. P. Catterall, A. J. Dennis and D. A. Westcott

30. Research Report

Translocated Fishes in Streams of the Wet Tropics Region, North Queensland: Distribution and Potential Impact.
Damien W. Burrows

31. Research Report

Rainforest Dieback: Risks Associated with Roads and Walking Tracks in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area.
Stuart Worboys and Paul Gadek

32. Conference Proceedings

Marketing of Farm-grown Timber in Tropical North Queensland: Conference Proceedings.
Edited by J. Suh, D. B. Smorfitt, S. R. Harrison and J. L. Herbohn

33. Best Practice Manual

Visitor Monitoring System for the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area
Volume 1 Procedural Manual. R. F. Wilson, S. M. Turton, J. M. Bentrupperbäumer and J. P. Reser
Volume 2 Visitor Monitoring Process: From Pre-Destination to Post-Destination. J. M. Bentrupperbäumer, S.-E. O'Farrell and J. P. Reser
Volume 3 Case Studies: Biophysical Assessment. R. F. Wilson, S. M. Turton, J. M. Bentrupperbäumer and J. P. Reser

34. Workshop Proceedings

Production Versus Rainforest Biodiversity: Trade-offs or Synergies in Farm Forestry Systems?
Edited by Peter D. Erskine and Carla P. Catterall

35. Workshop Proceedings

Culturally and Environmentally Appropriate Economies for Cape York Peninsula.
Edited by R. Hill and S. M. Turton

36. Research Report

The Rainforests of Cape York Peninsula.
Peter Stanton and David Fell

37. Best Practice Manual

The Comparative Assessment of Arthropod and Tree Biodiversity in Old-World Rainforests: The Rainforest CRC / Earthwatch Protocol Manual (Second edition).
R. L. Kitching, S. L. Boulter, G. Vickerman, M. J. Laidlaw, K. L. Hurley and P. S. Grimbacher

38. Special Report

Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia: A Monitoring Strategy.
Guy Chester and Sally Bushnell

39. Research Report

Vegetation Change Within the Wet Tropics of North Queensland: Mapping Changes with Landsat TM/ETM+ Imagery from 1988 and 1999.
Kasper Johansen and Stuart R. Phinn

40. Research Report

The Wet Sclerophyll and Adjacent Forests of North Queensland: A Directory to Vegetation and Physical Survey Data.
G. N. Harrington, M. G. Bradford and K. Sanderson

41. Research Report

Rainforest Dieback Mapping and Assessment: 2004 Monitoring Report Including an Assessment of Dieback in High Altitude Rainforests.
Stuart J. Worboys

42. Best Practice Manual

Guide to Monitoring Phytophthora-related Dieback in the Wet Tropics of North Queensland.
Stuart J. Worboys

43. Research Report

Yamani Country: A Spatial History of the Atherton Tableland, North Queensland.
Sandra Pannell, with contributions from Ngadjon-Jii Traditional Owners

44. Research Report

Pre-processing Methodology for Application to Landsat TM/ETM+ Imagery of the Wet Tropics.
Caroline M. Bruce and David W. Hilbert

45. Workshop Proceedings

Developing the Wet Tropics Aboriginal Cultural and Natural Resource Management Plan.
Libby Larsen and Sandra Pannell

46. Vertebrates Atlas

Vertebrates of the Wet Tropics Rainforests of Australia: Species Distributions and Biodiversity.
Stephen E. Williams

47. Best Practice Manual

Reproductive Biology and Pollination in Rainforest Trees: Techniques for a Community-level Approach.
S. L. Boulter, R. L. Kitching, J. M. Zalucki and K. L. Goodall

48. Research Report

Reconciling Nature and Culture in a Global Context? Lessons from the World Heritage List.
Sandra Pannel

49. Workshop Proceedings

Sustainable Forest Industry Development in Tropical North Queensland.
Edited by S. R. Harrison and J. L. Herbohn

50. Research Report

Weed Incursions Along Roads and Powerlines in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area: The Potential of Remote Sensing as an Indicator of Weed Infestations (Revised edition)
Miriam W. Goosem and Stephen M. Turton

51. Monitoring Toolkit

Monitoring Revegetation Projects for Biodiversity in Rainforest Landscapes: Toolkit Version 1.
John Kanowski and Carla P. Catterall

52. Research Report

The CSIRO Rainforest Permanent Plots of North Queensland: Site, Structural, Floristic and Edaphic Descriptions.
Compiled and Edited by Andrew W. Graham

53. Research Report

Rainforest Restoration Activities in Australia's Tropics and Subtropics.
Carla P. Catterall and Debra A. Harrison

54. Research Report

Applications of High Resolution Remote Sensing in Rainforest Ecology and Management.
David S. Gillieson, Tina. J. Lawson and Les Searle

55. Research Report

The Role of the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area in the Life of the Community: A Survey of the North Queensland Community. (Revised edition)
Joan M. Bentrupperbäumer and Joseph P. Reser

Using Rainforest Research Information Sheets

Faunal Underpasses: Assuring animal safety on Wet Tropics Roads.
Miriam Goosem, Mar 2003

Craning for a better view of pollination.
Roger Kitching, Mar 2003

The bad, the worse and the ugly: Pest animals in the Wet Tropics.
Brad Congdon, Mar 2003

Indigenous Cultural Values of the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area.
Sandra Pannell and Nicky Horsfall, Mar 2003

Hidden forest gardens: Microfungal communities thrive on the rainforest floor.
Barbara Paulus , Aug 2002

Keeping cool when the heat's on: Aquatic insects in rainforest streams.
Richard Pearson, Aug 2002

Where earth meets sky: Cloud forests of the Wet Tropics.
David McJannet and Paul Reddell, Apr 2002

Feral Fruit: Pond apple infests north Queensland.
Melissa Setter, Apr 2002

Why did the ringtail cross the road?
Nigel Weston, Apr 2002

Birds sing the history of the rainforest.
David Westcott, Sep 2001

Fishes in the forest: High biodiversity and endemism.
Brad Pusey, Sep 2001

Dust from walking tracks: Impacts on rainforest leaves and epiphylls.
Pia Anthony, Sep 2001

The new and the known: Describing freshwater fish species.
Brad Pusey , Sep 2001

Rainforest weeds and their ways: The need for vigilance.
Garry Werren, May 2001

Ears wide open: Are rainforest possums affected by human noise?
Robyn Wilson, May 2001

Forestry plantations on private lands: Early growth rates encouraging.
Mark Annandale, May 2001

Getting the jump on frog disease!!
May 2001

Paradox of the pig: Feral status and control in the Wet Tropics
May 2001

How roads and powerlines impact on rainforest micro-climate.
Steve Turton , Feb 2001

Tree plantations can enhance rainforest regeneration.
Martina Langi and David Lamb, Feb 2001

Seeing through the clouds and trees: Using Radar Systems to map rainforest health.
Michael Stanford, Stuart Phinn, Catherine Ticehurst and Alex Held, Feb 2001

Measuring erosion on unsealed roads through the rainforest.
Tobi-Ann Bacon and Steve Turton, Feb 2001

Rainforest beetles in dead wood: Could logging be their downfall.
Simon Grove, Feb 2001

Root establishment strategies of rainforest seedlings.
Sue Jenkins, Jan 2000

If shrimps could fly: Genetic flow and dispersal of aquatic insects in separated river systems.
Jane Hughes and Stuart Bunn , Jan 2000

Trial by fire: Survival of the northern bettong.
Chris Johnson , Jan 2000

Landholder attitudes to farm forestry in north Queensland.
John Herbohn, Jan 2000

Spiny mountain crayfish: An evolutionary tale.
Mark Ponniah and Jane Hughes, Aug 1999

Fishy genes tell us about the past.
Dugald McGlashan, Aug 1999

Lumholtz's Tree-Kangaroo: Conserving a rare marsupial.
Graeme Newell, May 1999

Understanding Ethnic Tourists: The Tjapukai experience.
Gianna Moscardo, May 1999

Rainforest plantations: Restoring productivity and biodiversity to degraded lands.
David Lamb,, May 1999

Marsupials in the mist: A home with a view, or declining mountain-top refuge?
John Kanowski, Feb 1999

What's in a stream? Using stream residents to monitor stream health.
Richard Pearson, Feb 1999

An inordinate fondness for beetles.
Agnes Rortais, Feb 1999

Shrinking forests: What lizards can tell us about fragmented rainforest habitats.
Joanna Sumner, Nov 1998

Northeast Queensland's endangered wet sclerophyll forests: For the birds?
Angie Chapman, Nov 1998

Checking out frog declines with NASA.
Ross Alford, Oct 1998

Rainforest masks a deadly disease.
Paul Gadek , May 1998

Spotted-Tailed Quolls: Living fast and dying young.
Scott Burnett, May 1998

Creating tools to manage the rainforest.
Nigel Stork, Mar 1998

A brighter future for the mahogany glider.
Stephen Jackson, Mar 1998

Fire histories from space.
Mark Noonan, Feb 1998

Educating visitors: What are the benefits for tourism?
Gianna Moscardo and Barbara Woods, Feb 1998

What species to grow? Some factors affecting the choice of trees for farm forestry.
David Smorfitt and Stephen Harrison, Nov 1997

Signs, signs everywhere, but are they being read?
Gianna Moscardo and Barbara Woods, Nov 1997

Sex and the single species.
Stuart Worboys , Nov 1997

Possums under the spotlight.
Robyn Wilson, Sep 1997

Rainforest CRC: Issues in Tropical Forest Landscapes Series

Issue 5, June 2006
Ecology and Management of Flying Fox Camps in an Urbanising Region
Billie Roberts, John Kanowski, and Carla Catterall

  • Flying foxes are important pollinators and seed dispersers of many plant species. They play important roles in the reproduction, regeneration and dispersal of plants within rainforests, eucalypt forests, woodlands and wetlands. During the day, flying foxes roost in communal camps, which provide them with a protected environment and a place to socialise and safely rear their young. 'Traditional' campsites can be used for decades. In some cases, cities and towns have been built near the sites of traditional flying fox camps, while in other cases flying foxes have moved into urban areas and formed new camps. Within urban areas, flying fox camps can pose a nuisance for nearby residents.
  • To help manage flying fox camps in urban areas, the factors that influence the location of camps were studied in southeast Queensland, the fastest growing urban area within Australia. This study found that most flying fox camps in southeast Queensland are located close to waterways in the coastal lowlands - the same zone that is intensively used for urban development. Even within this zone, flying foxes show a preference for locating their camps within patches of suitable vegetation surrounded by urban areas, rather than in extensive forest. Flying fox campsites occur in a range of vegetation types, but most comprise tall trees with a dense understorey, or are located in swamps or mangroves. At the local scale, there may be some potential for managing vegetation to alter its use by flying foxes, either to deter them from occupying certain areas or to provide new areas of suitable habitat.

Issue 4, September 2005
A New Role for Weeds in Rainforest Restoration?
Wendy Neilan, Carla Catterall, John Kanowski, and Stephen McKenna

  • Rainforest cover has been removed from many landscapes with adverse consequences for biodiversity, climate, land condition and water quality. Rapid, large-scale reforestation is required to restore biodiversity and ecosystem health in extensively and heavily cleared areas. While tree planting can re-establish a diverse rainforest on cleared land, the practice is expensive and only small areas of land have been reforested to date.
  • Sometimes, forest cover can return to cleared land through natural processes. Most rainforest plants have fleshy fruits that are attractive to fruit-eating birds. As the birds move between remnant rainforest and regrowth patches they disperse the seeds of rainforest plants. These processes have the potential to cost-effectively restore forest cover to large areas of cleared land.
  • In areas that have been cleared for long periods of time, regrowth may be dominated by introduced weedy plants. For example, regrowth dominated by camphor laurel trees covers extensive areas of cleared rainforest land in Australia. However, camphor laurel patches attract fruit-eating birds that disperse the seeds of rainforest plants. Many seedlings of rainforest plants have recruited to camphor laurel patches and, in the long-term, may come to dominate the regrowth. This process could be hastened by careful and strategic management interventions, but this requires a change in current attitudes towards the role of weeds in ecosystem restoration.

Issue 3, April 2004
Native Fish Stocking and Translocation
Damien Burrows

  • Recreational fishing of rivers and dams in the Wet Tropics region of Queensland is a popular activity among locals and tourists alike. Thousands of people engage in recreational fishing each year, and demand is increasing as regional population and tourism industries continue to grow. Fish stocking of popular recreational fisheries has been undertaken to cater for increased demand. However, recent research has shown that, within the Wet Tropics alone, up to thirty-six native fish species have been stocked or translocated outside their natural range. The streams of the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area contain some of the highest biodiversity in Australia. The ecology of these waterways and impoundments may have been compromised by such organised fish stocking or illegal translocations of native fish species. Many invertebrates, fish and other aquatic fauna in Wet Tropics streams are not adapted to coexist with the predatory stocked and translocated fishes to which they are now subjected. For some resident fauna species, this can be just as destructive as habitat or water quality degradation.

Issue 2, August 2003
Global Warming in the Wet Tropics
David Hilbert and Steve Williams

  • Humans are rapidly changing the nature of our planet in profound ways. Global changes include alterations to the vegetation cover of the land, the chemical composition of the earth's atmosphere, global climate and climate variability, and the rapid and extensive introduction of exotic species.
  • Australia's Wet Tropics are dominated by mountain ranges giving extremes of altitude from sea level to around 1,600 metres. Most remaining rainforest in the Wet Tropics is above 300 metres and almost all species unique to this region are adapted to these cooler uplands. Temperature rises due to global warming would mean massive changes to these cool uplands, leading to loss of habitat. Consequently, the biological diversity and endemic species that are the keystone of the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area are under severe threat.
  • Ecosystem processes and the provision of ecosystem services could also be severely affected by climate change, indicating how imperative it is to understand the processes that shape large scale regional ecological patterns over time. Only then can predictive tools be developed to enable realistic conservation planning for the unique ecosystems of the Wet Tropics and other rainforests in Queensland.

Issue 1, June 2003
Feral Pig Impacts and Control

  • Feral pigs pose ecological, economic and disease threats to around forty percent of the Australian mainland, with population estimates ranging from 3.5 to 23.7 million. In the Wet Tropics bioregion, population density ranges from 3.1 pigs per square kilometre in the World Heritage Area to two per square kilometre outside the listed Area. These feral pigs are a possible host for foot and mouth disease - a potential disaster for Australia's $14 billion agricultural industry. It is estimated that an outbreak would have an immediate $6 billion impact and cost $8 million a day. It may be extremely difficult to eradicate this disease if it were to establish in a feral pig population, particularly in inaccessible terrain. This paper looks at the current state of knowledge of feral pigs, principally in the Wet Tropics bioregion, the effectiveness of current control methods, management problems and the possibilities of emerging biotechnology solutions.

Rainforest CRC - Other Resources


Small-scale Forest Economics, Management and Policy
Editor in Chief: Steve Harrison
Journal of the IUFRO Small-scale Forestry Group

Economic Analysis and Policy
Edited by S. Harrison, J. Bennett and C. Tisdell
Journal of the Economic Society of Australia (Queensland) Inc.

Developing Policies to Encourage Small-scale Forestry
Edited by J. L. Herbohn, S. R. Harrison, K. F. Herobhn and D. B. Smorfitt
Proceedings from an International Symposium held in Kuranda, Australia, 9-13 January 2000

Sustainable Small-scale Forestry
Edited by S. R. Harrison, J. L. Herbohn and K. F. Herbohn
Socio-economic Analysis and Policy

Reforestation in the Tropics and Subtropics of Australia: Using Rainforest Tree Species
Edited by Peter D. Erskine, David Lamb and Mila Bristow
Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation Publication No. 05/087

Freshwater Fishes of North Eastern Australia
Brad Pusey, Mark Kennard and Angela Arthington

Yalanji Waranga Kaban: Yalanji People of the Rainforest Fire Management Book

Unpublished Reports

The Management of Disease in Wild Amphibian Populations in Australia
Richard Speare, Diana Mendez and Lee Berger
Project status report to the Natural Heritage Trust through Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service and the Rainforest CRC

Tropical Cyclone Larry Forum Report
Edited by Jim Davidson
Preliminary results from post-impact surveys conducted in the aftermath of Severe Tropical Cyclone Larry making landfall at Innisfail, Queensland, 20 March 2006 (see also JCU/CSIRO Tropical Landscapes Joint Venture cyclone research)


Miniature Gardens on Rainforest Leaves: A guide to common epiphylls in the Wet Tropics
Pia Anthony, Andi Cairns and Betsy Jackes

Catchment to Reef Research
Richard Pearson

Supporting Protected Area Management
Brochure supplied to IUCN for distribution amongst Protected Area Managers network

Towards Sustainable Roads and Powerlines
Brochure supplied to IUCN for distribution amongst Protected Area Managers network

The Australian Canopy Crane 1999-2005: Supporting World Class Canopy Research
Highlights booklet produced in 2005 to mark the achievements of canopy and related research

The Australian Rainforest Canopy Crane
Initial canopy crane brochure produced to advertise the potential uses of the Australian Canopy Crane

Latest Outcomes in Freshwater Research
Brochure produced to advertise publications stemming from freshwater research

Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility (MTSRF) Publications

Transition Program outputs

Tourist Exit Survey: 2009 and Final Report: January 2007 – December 2009. 2007 – 2009 Patterns of Reef and Rainforest Tourism in North Queensland from Exit Surveys Conducted at Cairns Domestic Airport
Sibtain, J. and Prideaux, B. (2010)
The specific aim of this research was to develop a comprehensive data set, on a quarterly basis, that facilitates investigation of a range of issues, including demographic profiles, motivations, activities, segmentation and seasonality of visitors in the Tropical North Queensland Region (TNQ). In this final annual report for the MTSRF program, data is provided on an annual, as well as a whole of project, time scale. Comparisons of annual data are provided for 2007, 2008, 2009 and for the overall 2007-2009 survey results.

Rainforest Tourism 2009 and Final Report: January 2007 – December 2009. Patterns of Rainforest Tourism in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, North Queensland. Report to the Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility. Reef and Rainforest Research Centre Limited, Cairns.
Sibtain, J. and Prideaux, B. (2012)

Rainforest Tourism Drivers Trends and Management Tools: Synthesis Report. Reef and Rainforest Research Centre Limited, Cairns
Sibtain, J. and Prideaux, B. (2010)
The aim of this report is to present a synthesis of research undertaken by James Cook University tourism researchers into aspects of tourism in the Wet Tropics rainforests of Tropical North Queensland. It also discusses two models that may be used as management tools for rainforest tourism. The report examines trends and drivers of tourism in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area (WTWHA). The discussion commences with an analysis of events that may have affected tourism in Tropical North Queensland followed by a discussion of data collected from visitors to the WTWHA. The report then synthesises data collected during the life of the project and outlines rainforest management tools developed during the project. Finally, the report highlights information gaps in rainforest tourism research and provides suggestions for future research.

Interdependency of reef and rainforest tourism – a segmentation analysis of visitors to Tropical North Queensland. Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility, Cairns
Thompson, M. and Prideaux, B. (2010)
Segmentation is an important tool for marketers and the results of this research indicate that Tropical North Queensland has a number of well-defined segments. The report identifies these segments and changes in them during the period 2007–2010. Segmenting visitors at the destination level enables tourism firms and marketers to identify the drivers of demand (push factors) as well as the destination’s pull factors and how successful these have been in attracting the desired target markets. The report confirms the importance of the Great Barrier Reef and the Wet Tropics Rainforests as the region’s major tourist attractions. The data also indicate that there are significant differences in tourism experiences between first-time visitors and repeat visitors, e.g. repeat visitors are much less likely to revisit the GBR than the WTR but more likely to visit regional areas including the Atherton Tablelands. Visitors were segmented by travel motivations and socio-demographic characteristics. The clusters and segments identified in this report provide destination marketers, management authorities and tourism operators with valuable market intelligence. The data can be used to inform decisions regarding the development of infrastructure, destination marketing and the introduction of new tourism products that match visitors’ changing motivations.

Rainforest Expansion in Far North Queensland: A preliminary analysis of the Windsor and Carbine Tablelands
Bowman, D. et al. (2010)
In the Wet Tropics of Queensland, tropical rainforest covered an estimated 965,000 ha prior to European settlement of the area during the 19th and 20th centuries. Subsequent human impacts resulted in a reduction in the area of rainforest to approximately 750,000 ha. A distinctive feature of rainforest in the wetter parts of north-eastern Queensland is the often abrupt boundary between the rainforest and adjacent eucalypt dominated vegetation or grassland. The vegetation dynamics of the rainforest boundary has been the subject of immense scientific interest. While rainforest boundaries may appear abrupt and stable, pollen records suggest that these boundaries have been expanding and contracting throughout geological history. Possible reasons for rainforest expansion include climatic amelioration and/or release from fire suppression. Here, we explore the rates of landscape change and landscape conditions associated with rainforest expansion in the Wet Tropics World Heritage region of north-eastern Queensland. We assess change in rainforest in a 270 square kilometre study area within the Wet Tropics Bioregion, and ask to what extent rates of rainforest change were similar for particular time periods and mediated by climatic and landscape conditions.

Landscape scale outcomes from market based instruments: Design principles for biodiversity offsets
Coggan, A. et al. (2010)
Offsetting damage to environmental assets is becoming accepted practice internationally and within Australia. The increased use of offsets has not coincided with consensus on offset scope or design. Instead, experience across locations including the United States, Latin America, Canada, New Zealand and Australia reveals a suite of different offset design approaches. These offset markets range from formalised and centralised exchanges with established metrics and systems to support anonymous and price based trading, through to offset requirements based on expert opinion with transactions dependent on individual relationships and negotiation. Offset evaluation and commentary to date has tended to focus on whether offsets are able to deliver the desired biophysical effect rather than on design effectiveness. The purpose of this project was to begin to address the deficiency of design evaluation and to deliver a set of best practice principles for offset design and implementation. A further ‘key aim’ of this project was to expand our understanding of patch for patch (non-strategic focussed on impact) offset design best practice principles to those that can apply to a sustainable landscape framework. Future research opportunities with a focus on offsets and landscape outcomes are provided later in this report.

MTSRF Synthesis products

A Prototype Report Card for the Status and Trends of Biodiversity, Soils and Landscapes in the Wet Tropics
Pert, P. et al. (2010)
Presented here is a prototype indicator framework for the biodiversity, soils and landscape assets of the Wet Tropics, and preliminary results for their present condition based on expert opinion and the most recent available data. For each of these natural assets, the current status and trends are assessed, and priorities for natural resource management actions are identified. The report card also highlights information gaps, and makes recommendations for how these gaps should be filled.

Rainforest restoration: approaches, costs and biodiversity outcomes
Catterall, C. (2010)
This fact sheet discusses key issues relating to the restoration of rainforest fragments. Rainforests have a complex structure and support a diverse suite of plants and animals, attributes that are lost on conversion to pasture. Rainforest restoration includes activities such as the rehabilitation of degraded remnants, the reforestation of cleared land, and the management of weedy regrowth. All of these activities aim to assist the recovery of rainforest biodiversity. The last few decades have seen considerable investment in rainforest restoration in tropical and subtropical Australia. In recent years, research has helped us understand the value of restoration projects for biodiversity. Issues discussed include approaches that have been used to achieve rainforest restoration, the costs of these approaches, outcomes for biodiversity, and how ‘biodiversity-friendly’ rainforest plantings might be designed and maintained.

MTSRF Research Report Series

Report 59
Wet Tropics of Queensland World Heritage Area Tour Guide Handbook
Carmody, J. (2011)

Report 57
Ecosystem Health of Wetlands of the Great Barrier Reef Catchment: Tully-Murray Floodplain Case Study
Pearson, R. G., Arthington, A. H. and Godfrey, P. C. (2010)

Report 55
Sustainable Nature Based Tourism: Planning and Management. Reports on visitation and use at selected Wet Tropics tourism sites, 2009/2010 (Set of 10 site reports)
Carmody, J. and Prideaux, B. (2011)

Report 53
Wetlands and floodplains: connectivity and hydro-ecological function. Part I – The role of overbank floods in transporting sediments and nutrients to the Great Barrier Reef lagoon
Wallace, J., Hawdon, A., Keen, R., Karim, F., Stewart, L. and Kemei, J. (2010)
Part II: Wetlands and floodplains: connectivity and hydro-ecological function. Part II – Quantification of overbank and channelised wetland connectivity in the Tully-Murray floodplain
Karim, F., Wallace, J., Kinsey-Henderson, A., Hawdon, A., Keen, R., Arthington, A. H., Godfrey, P. and Pearson, R. G. (2010)

Report 52
Improved understanding of biophysical and socio-economic connections between catchment and reef ecosystems: Wet and Dry Tropics case studies (MTSRF Synthesis Report)
Devlin, M. and Waterhouse, J. et al. (2010)

Report 51
Optimising water quality and impact monitoring, evaluation and reporting programs (MTSRF Synthesis Report)
Waterhouse, J. et al. (2010)

Report 50
Thresholds of major pollutants with regard to impacts on instream and marine ecosystems (MTSRF Synthesis Report)
Waterhouse, J. (2010)

Report 47
Understanding, Enhancing and Managing for Social Resilience at the Regional Scale: A North Queensland Natural Resource Management Case Study
Ross, H., Cuthill, M., Maclean, K., Jansen, D. and Witt, B. (2010)

Report 46
Monitoring Revegetation Projects in Rainforest Landscapes. Toolkit Version 3
Kanowski, J., Catterall, C. P., Freebody, K., Freeman, A. N. D. and Harrison, D. A. (2010)

Report 44
Landholders’ perceptions of the Australian Government’s Reef Rescue Program in the Wet Tropics region of North Queensland
Emtage, N. and Shrestha, K. (2010)

Report 43
Part A: Modelling factors affecting landholders’ adoption of recommended natural resource management practices in the Wet Tropics region
Emtage, N., Smith, C. and Herbohn, J. (2010)
Part B: Development of Bayesian Belief Network models linking the characteristics and circumstances of North Queensland landholders to their adoption of recommended land management practices
Maczkowiack, B. (2010)

Report 42
Part A: Roads in Rainforest: Best Practice Guidelines for Planning, Design and Management
Goosem, M., Harding, E. K., Chester, G., Tucker, N., Harriss, C. and Oakley, K. (2010)
Part B: Roads in Rainforest: Science Behind the Guidelines
Goosem, M., Harding, E. K., Chester, G., Tucker, N., Harriss, C. and Cowan, J. (2010)

Report 35
Tourist Exit Survey Second Annual Report: January to December 2008. Annual and quarterly patterns of reef and rainforest tourism in North Queensland from Exit Surveys conducted at Cairns Domestic Airport
McNamara, K. and Prideaux, B. (2009)

Report 34
Rainforest Tourism Second Annual Report: January – December 2008. Annual and quarterly patterns of rainforest tourism in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, North Queensland
McNamara, K. and Prideaux, B. (2009)

Report 33
An evaluation of previous and current methods and models for researching Indigenous resource use and purposes, with recommendations for ‘best practice’ research solutions
Fuary, M. (2009)

Report 31
Market segmentation study of rural landholders in relation to the promotion of natural resource management on private land in the Wet Tropics region of Queensland
Emtage, N. (2009)

Report 29
Market Based Instruments, Ecosystem Services and Development in Mission Beach, Far North Queensland. Background Report 2: Urbanisation and the Cassowary: Impacts and Economics
Coggan, A. and Whitten, S. (2009)

Report 27
Market Based Instruments, Ecosystem Services and Development in Mission Beach, Far North Queensland. Background Report 1: Impacts of Development on Ecosystem Services
Coggan, A. and Whitten, S. (2009)

Report 26
Cooperative Conservation: Beyond the Rhetoric. A report highlighting International Best Practice recommendations for World Heritage Protected Areas and identifying ‘best practice’ models and practical solutions that could be applied in the Wet Tropics
Gabriel, J. A. (2009)

Report 22
Profiles of rural landholders in relation to Natural Resource Management in the Wet Tropics region of North Queensland
Emtage, N. and Herbohn, J. (2008)

Report 21
Nocturnal noise levels and edge impacts on amphibian habitats adjacent to Kuranda Range Road
Goosem, M., Hoskin, C. and Dawe, G. (2008)

Report 19
Community Attitudes, Perceptions, Knowledge and Use of the Wet Tropics of Queensland World Heritage Area in 2007
Carmody, J. and Prideaux, B. (2008)

Report 17
Tourist Exit Survey First Annual Report: January – December 2007. Annual and Quarterly Patterns of Reef and Rainforest Tourism in North Queensland from Exit Surveys Conducted at Cairns Domestic Airport
McNamara, K. and Prideaux, B. (2008)

Report 16
Rainforest Tourism First Annual Report: January – December 2007. Annual and Quarterly Patterns of Rainforest Tourism in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, North Queensland
McNamara, K. and Prideaux, B. (2008)

Report 14
Noise Disturbance Along Highways: Kuranda Range Road Upgrade Project
Dawe, G. and Goosem, M. (2008)

Report 13
The effects of Severe Tropical Cyclone Larry on rainforest vegetation and understorey microclimate adjacent to powerlines, highways and streams in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area
Pohlman, C. and Goosem, M. (2008)

Report 11
The management of forests, plantations and remnant vegetation patches for biodiversity conservation: Principles and recommended tree species for revegetation plantings on the Atherton Tablelands, North Queensland
Emtage, N., Meadows, J. and Herbohn, J. (2008)

Report 10
Wet Tropics Sustainable Agriculture Survey Interim Report: A survey of rural landholders in the Wet Tropics Natural Resource Management region
Emtage, N. and Reghenzani, J. (2008)

Report 9
Highway Overpass Evaluation of Effectiveness: Kuranda Range Road Upgrade Project
Goosem, M., Wilson, R., Weston, N. and Cohen, M. (2008)

MTSRF Unpublished Scientific and Technical Reports

Biological Indicators of Ecosystem Health in Wet Tropics Streams
Edited by Angela Arthington and Richard Pearson.

Floristic impacts of re-alignment of beach ridge track, Cowley Beach
Metcalfe, D. et al. (2010)
A long-standing 4WD track along the back of the foredunes and sand spit between Cowley Beach and the mouth of Liverpool Creek (south of Innisfail, North Queensland) was extensively damaged by Tropical Cyclone Larry in March 2006. Storm surges removed several metres of beach sand and many established trees, while high winds felled many trees across the track. Quad bike riders and 4WD drivers have subsequently made their own tracks, following the original track at the southern end, but running along the ridge crest for much of its length, damaging sand-stabilising vegetation and potentially disturbing turtle nest sites. The Cassowary Coast Regional Council is assessing the feasibility of re-routing the track to the landward side of the foredune where the sand is better stabilised and potential ecological damage is minimised. This report provides details of a site assessment carried out by CSIRO ecologists to assess community structure and condition in relation to the mapped vegetation communities under the Queensland Department of Environment and Resource Management’s Regional Ecosystem Framework (RE), search for significant plant species listed under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) and Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Qld) (NCA), and for bioregionally important occurrences of other plant species, assess weed abundance and distribution, and assess the ecological values of the site and the damage being caused by on-going motor vehicle access.

Climate Change Projections for the Tropical Rainforest Region of North Queensland
Ramasamy, S. (2007)
This report outlines temperature and rainfall projections for the tropical rainforest region of far northern Queensland based on simulations performed for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report involving twenty-three global climate models (GCMs).

Regional climate downscaling for the Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility (MTSRF) between 1971 and 2000
Thatcher, M. et al (2007)
Report describes the results of downscaling of regional climate statistics for the MTSRF, using CSIRO’s Conformal Cubic Atmospheric Model and Mk3 model.

‘Climate Change: Scaling from trees to ecosystems’
Liddell, M. (2010)
Report provides a detailed process-based understanding of the performance of lowland tropical rainforest in concert with climatic measurements, with a view to coupling this understanding with future climate scenarios to predict possible influences of climate change on the Daintree lowland rainforest of far northern Queensland over the next century. This report includes summaries of outputs of each of the five key objectives of this project: (a) Atmospheric fluxes; (b) Plant physiology; (c) Fluxes of carbon and water; (d) flowering/fruiting phenology; and (e) Insect populations and biodiversity.

Threats to ecosystems in the Wet Tropics due to climate change and implications for management
Hilbert, D. (2010)
This report summarises recent research that suggests several likely changes and threats to biodiversity and ecosystem processes in the Wet Tropics Bioregion, and briefly discusses the implication of these changes for management.

Audit and prioritisation of physical barriers to fish passage in the Wet Tropics region
Lawson, T. et al. (2010)
Barriers to fish passage, such as flood mitigation, drainage structures, and extensive road, rail and cane-rail networks, can have a significant impact on native fish assemblages. We identified artificial physical barriers in the Wet Tropics bioregion, Far North Queensland, Australia, through a desktop GIS analysis of the stream/river and transport networks. A total of 5,536 potential artificial, physical barriers to fish passage were identified in a stream network of 19,764 km at a scale of 1: 100 000. The Mulgrave (1,076) and Johnstone (1,069) basins contained the highest number of potential barriers, whilst most potential barriers comprised road crossings (66%) and cane rail crossings (18%). Due to the unavailability of consistent datasets at smaller scales, we have not identified artificial physical barriers smaller than 50 m. Hence it is very likely that the total number of potential barriers to fish passage in the region is many times higher. We subsequently prioritised the 5,536 potential barriers, to identify those barriers that will provide the greatest habitat value for native fish species when removed and/or mitigated. A total of 104 potential barriers were identified as high priority for rehabilitation, with the Daintree (32), Mossman (19) and Mulgrave (17) basins having the highest numbers. We recommend that the high priority status and attributes of these 104 barriers be verified on-ground, and that rehabilitation of barriers be experimentally examined as a management strategy to improve native fish movement and reduce invasive fish abundance in the Wet Tropics region.

Assessing the research needs for the management of invasive species in the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems of the Wet Tropics
Poon et al. (2007)
This report is a synthesis of past and current research and management of invasive species in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems of the Wet Tropics bioregion, North Queensland. Its intention is to identify knowledge gaps and critical research needs and thus recommend future opportunities for investment in research and management of invasive species in the Wet Tropics

Hydro-ecological modeling in coastal catchments: Connectivity and hydro-ecological function
Wallace, J. (2007)
Report of a workshop which summarises the presentations, discussion and recommendations made. The key objective of the workshop was to initiate the development of an integrated package of conceptual and quantitative models, supported by field-based research, to predict the key hydro-ecological functions in Wet Tropics rivers, wetlands and floodplains.

Design and application of automated flood water quality monitoring systems in the Wet Tropics
Hawdon, A. et al. (2007)
CSIRO Land and Water commenced a floodwater monitoring program for the Tully-Murray Rivers in North Queensland in March 2006. Given the difficulty of accessing key sampling areas during extreme events, such as the floods following Tropical Cyclone Larry, the research team developed flood water sampling systems that could automatically collect water samples during the early parts of a flood, with manual samples then collected several days post-flood when access is again attainable. This report details the components, construction and application of fully automatic and refrigerated samplers and a hybrid system designed to measure sediment and nutrient concentrations in over-bank flood waters.

Financial-economic analysis of current best management practices for sugarcane, horticulture, grazing and forestry industries in the Tully-Murray catchment
Roebeling, P. et al. (2007)
Report initially prepared for the Cardwell Shire Floodplain Program. This study analyses the cost-effectiveness of most promising best-management-practices for water quality improvement in sugarcane, horticulture, grazing and forestry production in the Tully-Murray catchment.

Review of socio-economic constraints to and incentives for the adoption of land use and management options for water quality improvement in the Tully-Murray catchment (Wet Tropics)
van Grieken, M. (2009)
This report provides an economic assessment of instruments promoting adoption of land management practices by landholders for the Wet Tropics. Specifically, the objectives of this study are to (a) determine the private-economic consequences of management practice adoption, (b) determine the effectiveness of management practice adoption in reducing nutrient supply, and (c) assess the effectiveness of taxes and subsidies to promote the adoption of management practices.

Best practice and use of methods for the development of a series of cultural indicators for the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area: final project report
Cullen-Unsworth, L. et al. (2010)
This report provides a discussion around best practice and use of methods for the cooperative development of a series of cultural indicators for the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area (WTWHA). The indicators were derived through a project to develop a series of linked cultural and biophysical indicators for the WTWHA. In this context ‘linked cultural and biophysical indicators’ means cultural indicators that are linked to the Wet Tropics rainforest. These indicators outline why the WTWHA is so important to Rainforest Aboriginal people and provide some (limited) insight into how Rainforest Aboriginal peoples may have shaped the WTWHA into the rich cultural landscape that it represents today. The cultural indicators derived at this stage are potential indicators of cultural status or change that are linked to the biophysical environment of the WTWHA. The WTWHA is regarded by many Australians as a cultural landscape; however, it is not yet officially recognised as such by any formal designation. The area is currently under consideration for inclusion as a cultural property on the Australian National Heritage List. At this stage, recognition on the National Heritage List is a precursor for re-nomination on the World Heritage List as an ‘area of cultural value’. This revised listing would recognise the WTWHA as a World Heritage Listed Cultural Landscape. If successful, a formal requirement will be to report on the cultural values, in addition to the natural values for which the area is already recognised.

Indigenous Cultural Action for Biological and Cultural Conservation and Human Well-being
Hill, R., Cullen, L., Hedgcock, N., George, C., Canendo, W., McCaul, J. and Hill, D. (2008)
Report of the Alliance Workshop held at the Fourth IUCN World Conservation Congress, Barcelona, 5-9 October 2008. CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems.

Wet Tropics Traditional Owners Strategic Research Directions Workshop Report
McIntyre-Tamwoy, S. et al. (2010)
This report documents the outcomes of a Wet Tropics Traditional Owner workshop held in Innisfail, North Queensland on 15-16 September 2009. The objectives of the workshop were to present the outcomes and experiences associated with MTSRF funded Rainforest Aboriginal research during the period 2006-2010, provide a synthesis of work that occurred through the Rainforest CRC relevant to Aboriginal peoples, provide opportunities for participants to discuss emerging research priorities for natural and cultural resource management, enable target setting for potential future research, and make recommendations for future funding programs.

Rainforest Tourism: Establishment of a visitor monitoring structure
Prideaux, B. (2007)
Report on the sustainable use of rainforest resources by the tourism industry, and methods for monitoring visitors at the site level as well as community perceptions of the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area.

Sea- and tree-change phenomena in the Wet Tropics: Impacts of urbanisation and mitigation potential
Bohnet, I. et al. (2010)
The terms ‘sea-change’ and ‘tree-change’ are popular Australian expressions for what has been termed ‘amenity migration’ in the United States, Canada and Europe. As the terms imply, sea- and tree-change involves a move to the coast or a forested picturesque area. Population movements from capital cities to non-metropolitan high amenity environs have been studied extensively over the past thirty years. Far North Queensland has some of the fastest growing population centres in the State outside the densely packed southeast corner. While population growth rates in coastal areas in terms of total numbers may not seem significant when compared with capital cities, the percentage growth rates experienced by coastal communities are significant when compared with their respective State and National averages. It can be speculated that this growth in population and associated urbanisation of coastal and hinterland areas in Far North Queensland, and in particular, in the Wet Tropics bioregion has much in common with the well documented sea-change phenomenon in other coastal regions of Australia. Similarly, the tree-change phenomenon seems worth investigating in the Wet Tropics bioregion, not only because as the land along the coastal strip becomes scarcer and less affordable, the nearby forested hill slopes may provide alternative locations to the coast, but also because the forested hills may attract changers for different reasons. This document reports on studies of the sea- and tree-change phenomena in Far North Queensland and provides considerations for Local Government and Natural Resource Management (NRM) authorities on managing and remediating impacts of urbanisation.

An assessment of the environmental impacts of Cyclone Larry on the forest landscapes of northeast Queensland, with reference to responses to natural resource management issues in the aftermath
Turton, S. et al. (2008)
An assessment of the environmental impacts of Cyclone Larry on the forest landscapes of northeast Queensland, with reference to responses to natural resource management issues in the aftermath: Report submitted to the Bureau of Meteorology (March 2007).

National Environmental Research Program (NERP) Final Reports

Species resilience: the key to understanding biodiversity in the rainforests of the Australian Wet Tropics
Williams, S.E., Scheffers, B.R., VanDerWal, J., Roslan, N., Anderson, A., Storlie, C., Brunner, R., Welbergen, J., Parsons, S. (2014)

What is at risk? Identifying rainforest refugia and hotspots of plant genetic diversity in the Wet Tropics bio-region.
Costion, C., Bransgrove, K., Simpson, L., Schulte, K., Abell-Davis, S., Metcalfe, D., Rossetto, M., Lowe, A. J., Williams, S., Crayn, D. M. (2014)

The importance of peripheral areas for biodiversity conservation: with particular focus on endangered rainforest frogs of the Wet Tropics and Eungella.
Hoskin, C.J., Puschendorf, R. (2014)

Estimation of the population size and distribution of the southern cassowary, Casuarius casuarius, in the Wet Tropics Region of Australia.
Westcott, D., Metcalfe, S., Jones, D., Bradford, M., McKeown, A., Ford, A. (2014)

Spectacled flying-fox monitoring in the Wet Tropics Region.
Westcott, D., McKeown, A. (2014)

Eradication versus containment strategies for invasive species management.
Murphy, H.T., Fletcher, C.S., Grice, T., Clarkson, J., Westcott, D.A. (2014)

Pest Adaptation Response Strategies: Process and Metadata.
Murphy, H.T., Sydes, T.A. (2014)

Climate change and the impacts of extreme events on Australia’s Wet Tropics biodiversity.
Welbergen J. A., Meade, J., Storlie, C., VanDerWal, J., Dalziell, A. H., Hodgson, L., Larson, J., Krockenberger, A., Williams, S. E. (2015)

Why collaborative governance is critical for managing the natural and cultural values of wet tropics country.
Hill, R. (2014)

How knowledge networks can improve collaborative governance across wet tropics country.
Hill, R. (2014)

How would value-adding to Indigenous Protected Areas improve management of wet tropics country?
Hill, R. (2014)

What are the benefits of collaborative governance of wet tropics country?
Hill, R. (2014)

Why Indigenous Land Use Agreements need collaboration not regulation to manage wet tropics country.
Hill, R. (2014)

Why Native Title Corporations and Local Governments will benefit from planning together to adapt to changes in wet tropics country.
Hill, R. (2014)

Why biocultural diversity and governance are important to mapping Indigenous cultural ecosystem services.
Hill, R (2014)

Desktop review of co-management pathways in Cape York Peninsula. An assessment of support for structures, processes and results that enable Aboriginal Peoples and their partners to work towards co-management of country.
Kirsten Maclean, Ro Hill and Petina L. Pert

Natural regeneration and rainforest restoration - outcomes, pathways and management of regrowth.
Catterrall, C.P., Shoo, L.P., Freebody, K. (2014)

How ‘valuable’ are the ecosystem services of the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area to residents and tourists?
Esparon, M., Stoeckl, N., Larson, S., Farr, M, Schmider, J. (2014)

Research project output navigator for local government.
Sydes, T. (2014)

NERP Research Synthesis Reports

Climate change adaptation strategies for Australian birds.
Garnett, S.T., Franklin, D.C., Ehmke, G., VanDerWal, J.J., Hodgson, L., Pavey, C., Reside, A.E., Welbergen, J.A., Butchart, S.H.M., Perkins, G.C., Williams, S.E. (2013)

Climate change refugia for terrestrial biodiversity: Defining areas that promote species persistence and ecosystem resilience in the face of global climate change.
Reside, A.E., VanDerWal, J., Phillips, B.L., Shoo, L.P., Rosauer, D.F., Anderson, B.J., Welbergen, J.A., Moritz, C., Ferrier, S., Harwood, T.D., Williams, K.J., Mackey, B., Hugh, S., Williams, Y.M., Williams, S.E. (2013)

NERP Tropical Ecosystems Projects relevant to Wet Tropics region (Climate change relevant)

Identifying climate refuges for freshwater biodiversity across Australia.
James, C., VanDerWal, J., Capon, S., Hodgson, L., Waltham, N., Ward, D., Anderson, B., Pearson, R. (2013)

NERP TE Hub Rainforest Program Update - December 2012

NERP TE Hub Rainforest Research Snapshot - Jan-June 2013

NERP TE Hub Tropical Rainforest Research Snapshot - July-December 2013

Tourist Exit Survey Report: February – September 2012 Annual Patterns of Reef and Rainforest Tourism in North Queensland from Exit Surveys Conducted at Cairns Domestic Airport.
Prideaux, B., Sakata, H., Thompson, M. (2013)

Framework and Institutional Analysis: Indigenous co-management and biodiversity protection in the Wet Tropics.
Maclean, K., Hill, R., Pert P.L., Bock, E., Barrett, P., Bellafquih, R., Friday, M., Mundraby, V., Sarago, L., Schmider, S., Talbot, L. (2012)

Indigenous peoples and biodiversity protection in wet tropics country: from co-management to collaborative governance Volume 1 Interim policy-relevant ¬findings.
Hill, R., Pert, P.L., Maclean, K., Bauman, T., Bock, E., Dale, A.P., Flynn, M., Joyce, A., McDermott, S., Mundraby, V., Rist, P., Rampton, B., Schmider, J., Talbot, L.D., Tawake, L. (2014)

Indigenous peoples and biodiversity protection in wet tropics country: from co-management to collaborative governance Volume 2 Participatory evaluation results.
Hill, R., Pert, P.L., Maclean, K., Bauman, T., Bock, E., Dale, A.P., Flynn, M., Joyce, A., McDermott, S., Mundraby, V., Rist, P., Rampton, B., Schmider, J., Talbot, L.D., Tawake, L. (2014)

Participatory evaluation of co-management in wet tropics country.
Hill, R., Maclean, K., Pert, P., Schmider, J., Tawake, L. (2013)

Resilience and Opportunity: Regions and the Roll-out of Australia’s Greenhouse Gas Abatement Programs.
Preece, N., van Oosterzee, P., Dale, A., Eberhard, R., Armstrong, G., Vella, K., Sweatman, C. (2013)

Governance, planning and the effective application of emerging ecosystem service markets to secure climate change adaptation and landscape resilience in Far North Queensland.
Dale, A., Vella, K. (2012)

Mapping Littoral Rainforest & Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia in the Wet Tropics: Mission Beach Pilot Study.
Metcalfe, D.J., O’Malley, T., Lawson, T.J., Ford, A.J. (2014)

Environmental Research Plan for Natural Resource Management Organisations and Regional Development Australia Boards in Northern Australia.
Crowley, G.M., Dale, A., Banks, R., Barclay, S., Birch, P., Buchan, A., Cocco, R., Crase, J., Crawford, S., Dielenberg, J., Donohoe, P., Edgar, B., Franklin, J., Frazer, B., Harper, P., Hinchley, D., Hoogwerf, T., Ikin, N., Johnson, S., Mackay, G., Maher, E., May, K., Miley, D., Mitchell, C., Moller, M., Morris, S., Musgrove, R., Peake, K., Pearson, D., Pentz, D., Schuntner, G., Sinclair, I., Standley, P.-M., Sweatman, C., Tambling, L., Wessels, A., and Wilson, B. (2014)

Informing Natural Resource Management and Regional Development Australia planning in North Queensland.
Crowley, G.M., Dale, A. (2013)