SuperSites Data Portal
Fruit Phenology, South East Queensland PeriUrban Supersite, Samford, 2016
 Citation

Grace, P; Tucker, D (): Fruit Phenology, South East Queensland PeriUrban Supersite, Samford, 2016. TERN Australian SuperSite Network. http://supersites.tern.org.au/knb/metacat/supersite.647.8/html
 Identifier

 docid
 supersite.647.8
 Data Creators

 Individual
 Prof Peter Grace
 Organization
 Institute for Future Environments, Queensland University of Technology
 Individual
 David Tucker
 Organization
 Institute for Future Environments, Queensland University of Technology
 Abstract

Three 100 m x 5 m transects were established within the 1 hectare plot at 20E0N to 20E100N, 40E0N to 40E100N and 60E0N to 60E100N (coordinates marked the western boundary of each transect). Estimates of flowering and fruiting were made within each transect for tree, shrub and ground layers. Exact counts of flowers and fruit were made where possible. Where this was not possible, estimates were made.
 Contacts for Questions on the Use and Interpretation of Data

 Individual
 David Tucker
 Organization
 Institute for Future Environments, Queensland University of Technology
 Address

PO Box 2434
Brisbane. QLD 4001
Australia
 Email Address
 d1.tucker@qut.edu.au
 Methods and Sampling Information

 Methods

Method Step 1
 Description

Semiquantitative estimates of flowering and fruiting
Three 100 m x 5 m transects were established within the 1 hectare plot at 20E0N to 20E100N, 40E0N to 40E100N and 60E0N to 60E100N (coordinates marked the western boundary of each transect). Estimates of flowering and fruiting were made within each transect for tree, shrub and ground layers in February 2016. Exact counts of flowers and fruit were made where possible. Where this was not possible, estimates were made. Firstly, the number of flowering and fruiting heads were counted and then multiplied by a mean value based on the numbers of fruits and flowers/head for ten representative samples of selected species. These species and mean values were:
• Aristida queenslandica (30.7)
• Arundinella nepalensis (65.2)
• Chrysopogon sylvaticus (27.7)
• Cyanthillium cinereum (18.9)
• Cymbopogon refractus (98.8)
• Panicum effusum (18.5)
• Paspalidium distans (34.2)
Secondly, logarithmic estimates were made where exact counts of individual flowers or fruit, or the number of flowering or fruiting heads could not be counted. Logarithmic estimations were:
• 2=10–100
• 3=100–1000
• 4=1000–10000
• 5=10000–100000
For final calculations, a midpoint of these ranges was taken.
 Instrument

 • 2 x 100 m tapes
 • 1 x laser range finder
 • 1 x binoculars
Method Step 2 Description

Semiquantitative estimates of flowering and fruiting
Three 100 m x 5 m transects were established within the 1 hectare plot at 20E0N to 20E100N, 40E0N to 40E100N and 60E0N to 60E100N (coordinates marked the western boundary of each transect). Estimates of flowering and fruiting were made within each transect for tree, shrub and ground layers between June and August 2016. Exact counts of flowers and fruit were made where possible. Where this was not possible, estimates were made. Firstly, the number of flowering and fruiting heads were counted and then multiplied by a mean value based on the numbers of fruits and flowers/head for ten representative samples of selected species. These species and mean values were:
• Aristida queenslandica (17.2)
• Arundinella nepalensis (32.1)
• Chrysopogon sylvaticus (24.4)
• Cyanthillium cinereum (17.9)
• Cymbopogon refractus (47.8)
• Digitaria parviflora (74.1)
• Eragrostis brownii (124.3)
• Panicum effusum (27.5)
• Paspalidium distans (27.7)
• Oplismenus aemulus (32)
• Oplismenus imbecillis (10.1)
Secondly, logarithmic estimates were made where exact counts of individual flowers or fruit, or the number of flowering or fruiting heads could not be counted. Logarithmic estimations were:
• 2=10–100
• 3=100–1000
• 4=1000–10000
• 5=10000–100000
For final calculations, a midpoint of these ranges was taken.
 Instrument

 • 2 x 100 m tapes
 • 1 x laser range finder
 • 1 x binoculars
 Sampling

 Study Extent Description

Semiquantitative estimates of flowering and fruiting were made within the 1 hectare SEQ Periurban SuperSite in 2016.
 Sampling Description

Exact counts of flowers and fruit were made where possible. Where this was not possible, estimates were made.
 Keywords and Subject Categories


 phenology
 SEQP
 Samford
 anzsrcfor

 0705

 Geographic Coverage

 Geographic Description
 SouthEast Queensland Periurban SuperSite, Samford
 Bounding Coordinates

 West
 152.880785 degrees
 East
 152.8880785 degrees
 North
 27.388915 degrees
 South
 27.388915 degrees
 Temporal Coverage

 Date
 2016
 Intellectual Rights, Licence and Usage Conditions

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
 Data Table

 Name
 asn_seqp_veg_fruit_phen_samford_201602.csv
 Description
 Fruit Phenology, Samford, February 2016
 Attribute Information

date
 Name
 date
 Definition
 Date survey conducted
 Measurement Type
 dateTime
 Measurement Domain

 Format
 dd/mm/yyyy
 Precision
 0
transect Name
 transect
 Definition
 Transect number
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 Transect number
start coord Name
 start coord
 Definition
 start coordinate for each transect measured in metres from the southwest corner of the plot
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 meter
 Number Type
 natural
fin coord Name
 fin coord
 Definition
 finish coordinate for each transect measured in metres from the southwest corner of the plot
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 meter
 Number Type
 natural
family Name
 family
 Definition
 Family name
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 family name
genus Name
 genus
 Definition
 genus name
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 genus name
species Name
 species
 Definition
 species name
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 species
height Name
 height
 Definition
 height of each plant measured in metres
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 meter
 Number Type
 natural
length Name
 length
 Definition
 length of the transect at which flowering and fruiting was measured in metres from the start coordinate
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 meter
 Number Type
 natural
lifeform Name
 lifeform
 Definition
 type of plant measured
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Enumerated Domain

 Code Definition

 grass
 grass
 forb
 forb
 tree
 tree
 shrub
 shrub
fruit premultiplier Name
 fruit premultiplier
 Definition
 either the exact number of fruits on each plant, the number of fruiting heads on each plant, or the logarithmic estimate for the number of fruits on each plant
 Measurement Type
 interval
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
flower premultiplier Name
 flower premultiplier
 Definition
 either the exact number of flowers on each plant, the number of flowering heads on each plant, or the logarithmic estimate for the number of flowers on each plant
 Measurement Type
 interval
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
multiplier Name
 multiplier
 Definition
 the value by which ‘fruit premultiplier’ or ‘flower premultiplier’ is multiplied to provide total fruit or flower estimates. ‘multiplier’ values are either 1 for exact counts of fruits or flowers, or mean values of the number of fruits or flowers/head for selected species where the number of fruiting or flowering heads are given
 Measurement Type
 interval
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
fruit total Name
 fruit total
 Definition
 the total number of fruits on each plant based on ‘fruit premultiplier’ multiplied by 1 for exact counts of fruits, multiplied by mean values of the number of fruits /head for selected species where the number of fruiting heads are given, or the midpoint value for where logarithmic estimates of the number of fruits were made
 Measurement Type
 interval
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
flower total Name
 flower total
 Definition
 the total number of flowers on each plant based on ‘flower premultiplier’ multiplied by 1 for exact counts of flowers, multiplied by mean values of the number of flowers /head for selected species where the number of flowering heads are given, or the midpoint value for where logarithmic estimates of the number of flowers were made
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
 Number Of Records
 307
 Physical Structure Description

 Object Name
 asn_seqp_veg_fruit_phen_samford_201602.csv
 Size
 26359 byte
 Text Format

 Number of Header Lines
 1
 Record Delimiter
 #x0A
 Attribute Orientation
 column
 Simple Delimited

 Field Delimiter
 ,
 Distribution

Online
 URL
 supersite.648.2
 Access

 Access Control

 Auth System
 knb
 Order
 allowFirst
 Allow:

Permission Principal [all] uid=supersite,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=tucker,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=grace,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [read] cn=allusers,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org
 Name
 asn_seqp_veg_fruit_phen_multipliers_samford_201602.csv
 Description
 Multipliers for selected species based on mean values of the number of fruits or flowers/head
 Attribute Information

genus
 Name
 genus
 Definition
 genus name
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 genus
species Name
 species
 Definition
 species name
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 species
sample 1 Name
 sample 1
 Definition
 First sample for this species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 2 Name
 sample 2
 Definition
 Second sample for this species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 3 Name
 sample 3
 Definition
 Third sample for this species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 4 Name
 sample 4
 Definition
 Fourth sample for this species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 5 Name
 sample 5
 Definition
 Fifth sample for this species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 6 Name
 sample 6
 Definition
 Sixth sample for this species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 7 Name
 sample 7
 Definition
 Seventh sample for this species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 8 Name
 sample 8
 Definition
 Eighth sample for this species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 9 Name
 sample 9
 Definition
 Ninth sample for this species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 10 Name
 sample 10
 Definition
 Tenth sample for this species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
mean Name
 mean
 Definition
 Mean value of the ten samples for each of the selected species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
 Number Of Records
 8
 Physical Structure Description

 Object Name
 asn_seqp_veg_fruit_phen_multipliers_samford_201602.csv
 Size
 514 byte
 Text Format

 Number of Header Lines
 1
 Record Delimiter
 #x0A
 Attribute Orientation
 column
 Simple Delimited

 Field Delimiter
 ,
 Distribution

Online
 URL
 supersite.649.1
 Access

 Access Control

 Auth System
 knb
 Order
 allowFirst
 Allow:

Permission Principal [read] cn=allusers,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=supersite,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=tucker,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=grace,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org
 Name
 asn_seqp_veg_fruit_phen_samford_201606201608.csv
 Description
 Fruit Phenology, Samford, JuneAugust, 2016
 Attribute Information

date
 Name
 date
 Definition
 Date the survey was conducted
 Measurement Type
 dateTime
 Measurement Domain

 Format
 dd/mm/yyyy
 Precision
 0
transect Name
 transect
 Definition
 Transect number
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 transect number
start coord Name
 start coord
 Definition
 Start coordinate for each transect measured in metres from the southwest corner of the plot
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 meter
 Number Type
 natural
fin coord Name
 fin coord
 Definition
 Finish coordinate for each transect measured in metres from the southwest corner of the plot
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 meter
 Number Type
 natural
family Name
 family
 Definition
 Family name
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 family name
genus Name
 genus
 Definition
 Genus name
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 genus
species Name
 species
 Definition
 Species name
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 species
height Name
 height
 Definition
 Height of each plant measured in metres
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 meter
 Number Type
 natural
length Name
 length
 Definition
 Length of the transect at which flowering and fruiting was measured in metres from the start coordinate
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 meter
 Number Type
 natural
lifeform Name
 lifeform
 Definition
 Type of plant measured
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Enumerated Domain

 Code Definition

 grass
 grass
 tree
 tree
 shrub
 shrub
 forb
 forb
fruit premultiplier Name
 fruit premultiplier
 Definition
 Either the exact number of fruits on each plant, the number of fruiting heads on each plant, or the logarithmic estimate for the number of fruits on each plant
 Measurement Type
 interval
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
flower premultiplier Name
 flower premultiplier
 Definition
 Either the exact number of flowers on each plant, the number of flowering heads on each plant, or the logarithmic estimate for the number of flowers on each plant
 Measurement Type
 interval
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
multiplier Name
 multiplier
 Definition
 The value by which ‘fruit premultiplier’ or ‘flower premultiplier’ is multiplied to provide total fruit or flower estimates. ‘multiplier’ values are either 1 for exact counts of fruits or flowers, or mean values of the number of fruits or flowers/head for selected species where the number of fruiting or flowering heads are given
 Measurement Type
 interval
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
fruit total Name
 fruit total
 Definition
 The total number of fruits on each plant based on ‘fruit premultiplier’ multiplied by 1 for exact counts of fruits, multiplied by mean values of the number of fruits /head for selected species where the number of fruiting heads are given, or the midpoint value for where logarithmic estimates of the number of fruits were made
 Measurement Type
 interval
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
flower total Name
 flower total
 Definition
 The total number of flowers on each plant based on ‘flower premultiplier’ multiplied by 1 for exact counts of flowers, multiplied by mean values of the number of flowers /head for selected species where the number of flowering heads are given, or the midpoint value for where logarithmic estimates of the number of flowers were made
 Measurement Type
 interval
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
 Number Of Records
 515
 Physical Structure Description

 Object Name
 asn_seqp_veg_fruit_phen_samford_201606201608.csv
 Size
 43897 byte
 Text Format

 Number of Header Lines
 1
 Record Delimiter
 #x0A
 Attribute Orientation
 column
 Simple Delimited

 Field Delimiter
 ,
 Distribution

Online
 URL
 supersite.694.1
 Access

 Access Control

 Auth System
 knb
 Order
 allowFirst
 Allow:

Permission Principal [read] cn=allusers,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=supersite,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=tucker,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=grace,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org
 Name
 asn_seqp_veg_fruit_phen_multipliers_samford_201606201608.csv
 Description
 Multipliers for selected species based on mean values of the number of fruits or flowers/head
 Attribute Information

genus
 Name
 genus
 Definition
 Genus name
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 genus
species Name
 species
 Definition
 Species name
 Measurement Type
 nominal
 Measurement Domain

 Text Domain

 Definition
 species
sample 1 Name
 sample 1
 Definition
 the sample number for each species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species. Ten samples were taken for each of the selected species (sample 1–sample 10)
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 2 Name
 sample 2
 Definition
 the sample number for each species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species. Ten samples were taken for each of the selected species (sample 1–sample 10)
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 3 Name
 sample 3
 Definition
 the sample number for each species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species. Ten samples were taken for each of the selected species (sample 1–sample 10)
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 4 Name
 sample 4
 Definition
 the sample number for each species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species. Ten samples were taken for each of the selected species (sample 1–sample 10)
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 5 Name
 sample 5
 Definition
 the sample number for each species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species. Ten samples were taken for each of the selected species (sample 1–sample 10)
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 6 Name
 sample 6
 Definition
 the sample number for each species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species. Ten samples were taken for each of the selected species (sample 1–sample 10)
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 7 Name
 sample 7
 Definition
 the sample number for each species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species. Ten samples were taken for each of the selected species (sample 1–sample 10)
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 8 Name
 sample 8
 Definition
 the sample number for each species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species. Ten samples were taken for each of the selected species (sample 1–sample 10)
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 9 Name
 sample 9
 Definition
 the sample number for each species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species. Ten samples were taken for each of the selected species (sample 1–sample 10)
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
sample 10 Name
 sample 10
 Definition
 the sample number for each species. Values are the number of fruits or flowers for a single fruiting or flowering head for that species. Ten samples were taken for each of the selected species (sample 1–sample 10)
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
mean Name
 mean
 Definition
 Mean value of the ten samples for each of the selected species
 Measurement Type
 ratio
 Measurement Domain

 Standard Unit
 number
 Number Type
 natural
 Number Of Records
 11
 Physical Structure Description

 Object Name
 asn_seqp_veg_fruit_phen_multipliers_samford_201606201608.csv
 Size
 737 byte
 Text Format

 Number of Header Lines
 1
 Record Delimiter
 #x0A
 Attribute Orientation
 column
 Simple Delimited

 Field Delimiter
 ,
 Distribution

Online
 URL
 supersite.695.1
 Access

 Access Control

 Auth System
 knb
 Order
 allowFirst
 Allow:

Permission Principal [read] cn=allusers,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=supersite,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=tucker,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=grace,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org
 Additional Metadata Links

qualityControlAdditional Metadata : qualityControl
 Metadata

 qualityControl

 @timestamp
 20160417T00:38:33.057Z
 @username
 tucker
 Access

 Access Control

 Auth System
 knb
 Order
 allowFirst
 Allow:

Permission Principal [read] public [all] uid=supersite,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org [all] uid=tucker,o=unaffiliated,dc=ecoinformatics,dc=org
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